This site facilitates 'nanopublications' for the history of early modern philosophy and neighboring disciplines. Its present status is experimental, but it stands to be expected that contributions here will be integrated into EMTO(Early Modern Thought Online), a bibliographical database of approx. 15.000 digital sources for early modern philosophy.

For more information, you can contact the editor of this site, Stefan Heßbrüggen-Walter, via

How can I contribute?

  • The easiest way is to send an email to The editor will analyse the material to be published and fit it into the representational model underlying the Wiki. The final decision whether to publish is, of course, made by the contributor.
  • For contributors having some familiarity with Wikis, a description of the publication workflow is available, so contributions without editorial assistance are feasible, too.

The structure of this wiki

The central unit of nanopublications is a 'fact'. This Wiki distinguishes three sorts of facts relevant for the history of philosophy:

  1. historical facts,
  2. philosophical facts,
  3. 'connecting facts'.

It should be noted that 'fact' is used here as a term of art rather than in a substantial philosophical sense. Facts in this sense are defined formally, namely as 'triples' containing a subject term, a relation, and an object term.

The three categories for facts differ with respect to the entities that may be covered by them:

  1. Historical facts require that both the subject term and the object term refer to spatiotemporal entities.
  2. Philosophical facts require that both the subject term and the object term refer to abstract entities, e. g. concepts.
  3. 'Connecting facts' are defined by refering to a spatiotemporal entity (a philosopher or a document) as subject term and the propositional content of a philosophical fact (an abstract entity) as object term.

It is important to keep in mind that to publish something in the category of 'philosophical facts' does not imply that the submitter of this fact endorses its content: There is probably a comparatively small overlap between truths of the past and truths of the present. A 'philosophical fact' in this wiki expresses only the submitter's statement that at some point of time somebody was in some sense reflecting on the truth or the falsity of the content expressed in the fact.[1]

Legal matters

EMTO Nanopub explicitly encourages reuse of publications made here. Therefore, all contributions to this wiki are donated to the public domain via the CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication. Proper attribution of scholarly communications is a question of professional conduct rather than enforcement in a court of law.

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Editing this Wiki can be tried out in this Sandbox.

  1. Present-day philosophical inquiry could be captured in this model as refering to philosophical facts that somebody is reflecting on as true or false right now.
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